The parish lies in the east of the Lammermuir district and is the second largest civil parish by area in the county of Berwickshire, after Lauder. It is bounded on the north-west by the North Sea, on the east by the parish of Eyemouth, on the south-east by Ayton on the south by Chirnside and Bunkle, on the west by Abbey St Bathans and on the north by Cockburnspath. 
Besides the village of Coldingham, the parish contains the villages of:
The civil parish is divided between the Community Council areas of Coldingham, St Abbs, Reston and Auchencrow, and Grantshouse. It was included in the former Berwickshire District of Borders Region, by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, from 1975 to 1996.
Before the Reformation a vaguely defined jurisdiction known as Coldinghamshire was linked to Coldingham Priory and extended along the east coast of Berwickshire. By 15th century there is some indication that the civil administration was gradually attaining paramount sway with the consent of the Church itself. In 1406, the lordship of the Priory was held by Archibald, Earl of Douglas and in 1414, the Prior and Chapter of Durham (the ecclesiastical superiors of the priory) signed a deed constituting the Earl of Douglas "sovereign bailie" and governor of the house and barony of Coldingham. The barony of Coldingham, which included Eyemouth and other areas adjacent to the parish of Coldingham continued as a jurisdiction into the 17th and 18th centuries.
Because of the size of the parish, an additional chapel was set-up for the interior or western part of the parish in 1794. With the opening of a new trunk road in the area (now the A1) in 1816, communications between Grantshouse and Reston were so improved, it was decided in 1836 to erect a church midway between the villages, at Houndwood. Houndwood was made an ecclesiastical parish for the western part of Coldingham in 1851. This parish is now linked to Ayton and is served by places of worship at Reston (formerly a free church) and Grantshouse. The church itself became a crematorium in 2015
A Parochial Board was established under the Poor Law (Scotland) Act 1845. With the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1894, Coldingham Parish Council was established and it carried out poor relief and various public works, such as the acquisition and improvement of Houndwood cemetery in 1901. Civil parishes in Scotland, as units of local government, were abolished in 1929  but have been used later for census and other purposes.
In 1891 a Boundary Commission transferred a detached portion of Oldhamstocks parish, namely Butterdean, to Coldingham. It was already in Berwickshire, despite its mother parish being in East Lothian.
The settlement of Coldingham has a population of 563 (in 2011).
There was a monastery of high order on this site as early as AD 660, when it is recorded that Etheldreda, the queen of Egfrid, became a nun at the Monastery of Coldingham, then under the management of Æbbe the Elder, aunt of her husband. Bede describes it as "the Monastery of Virgins" and states that in 679 the monastery burnt down. It was rebuilt, but was again destroyed by fire at the hands of a raiding party of Danes in 870. This time the ruins were not rebuilt, it would appear, until 1098, when the Priory of Coldingham was founded by King Edgar in honour of St. Cuthbert of Lindisfarne. It became the caput for the Barony of Coldingham, with the prior as the feudal lord.
The priory continued in its religious purposes until 1560, when it was partially destroyed during the Scottish Reformation. However, a portion of it continued its religious activities until 1650, when it was fortified against Oliver Cromwell. After a siege of two days, the main tower in which the besieged defended themselves was so shattered by artillery that they were forced to capitulate. This great tower of the original priory finally collapsed about 1777. The ruins of about 40% of the original priory church were rebuilt in 1855; it is today used as the parish church, and is the most notable building in the parish.
- List of places in the Scottish Borders
- List of places in East Lothian
- List of places in Edinburgh
- List of places in Midlothian
- List of places in West Lothian
- List of places in Scotland
- Coldingham Priory
- Coldingham Bay
- Prior of Coldingham
- Prior of Durham
- From the earliest forms such as Coldana and Urbs Collude. See Thomson, Coldingham:Parish and Priory, 1908
- Coldingham - Parish and Priory, by Adam Thomson (minister at Coldstream), publ by Craighead, Galashiels,1908. P.20
- Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland, by, Francis Groome, 2nd edition publ. 1896. Article on Coldingham
- Community Council entries on Scottish Borders local authority web site http://www.scotborders.gov.uk/directory/30/a_to_z/s retrieved March 2016
- Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland, by, Francis Groome, 2nd edition publ. 1896. Article on Coldinghamshire
- Coldingham - Parish and Priory, by Adam Thomson, Galashiels,1908. pp.58 and 79
- Historic Scotland’s article on Houndwood http://portal.historic-scotland.gov.uk/designation/LB4107 retrieved March 2016
- Duns Presbytery web site http://onlineborders.org.uk/community/dunspresbytery/our-churches retrieved March 2016
- Houndwood Crematorium web suite http://www.houndwoodcrematorium.co.uk/ retrieved March 2016
- Coldingham - Parish and Priory, by Adam Thomson, Galashiels,1908. p.176
- Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929
- Gazetteer of Scotland, publ, by W & AK Johnston, Edinburgh, 1937. Article on Coldingham. Places are presented alphabetically.
- Census of Scotland 2011, Table KS101SC – Usually Resident Population, publ. by National Records of Scotland. Web site http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/ retrieved March 2016. See “Standard Outputs”, Table KS101SC, Area type: Civil Parish 1930
- Census of Scotland 2011, Table KS101SC – Usually Resident Population, publ. by National Records of Scotland. Web site http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/ retrieved March 2016. See “Standard Outputs”, Table KS101SC, Area type: Settlement/Locality 2010
- Coldingham - Parish and Priory, by Adam Thomson, Galashiels,1908. p.82
- History of the Priory of Coldingham by William King Hunter, Edinburgh & London, 1858.
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