Cass County, Minnesota

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Cass County
The Cass County Courthouse
The Cass County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Cass County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 46°57′N 94°19′W / 46.95°N 94.32°W / 46.95; -94.32
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedSeptember 1, 1851 (created)
1897 (organized)[1]
Named forLewis Cass
SeatWalker
Largest cityLake Shore
Area
 • Total2,414 sq mi (6,250 km2)
 • Land2,022 sq mi (5,240 km2)
 • Water393 sq mi (1,020 km2)  16%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
29,519
 • Density14.5/sq mi (5.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district8th
Websitewww.co.cass.mn.us

Cass County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 28,567.[2] Its county seat is Walker.[3] The county was formed in 1851, and was organized in 1897.

Cass County is included in the Brainerd, MN Micropolitan Statistical Area.

A substantial portion of the Leech Lake Indian Reservation is in the county's northern portion.

History[edit]

Cass County of 1851 (pink) and today (red)

Cass County was created on September 1, 1851 by the Minnesota Territory legislature, although its government was not organized until 1897. The county was formed of areas partitioned from Dakota, Mahkatah, Pembina and Wahnata Counties. It was named for Lewis Cass, a Michigan political figure of the 19th century.[4] Before it was organized several parcels of county land were partitioned off to augment or form adjacent counties.

Soils of Cass County[5]

Geography[edit]

The Crow Wing River flows east-southeast along Cass County's southern border, and the Gull River flows southwest through the lower part, to discharge into the Crow Wing on the southern border. The terrain consists of wooded rolling hills, heavily dotted with lakes and ponds,[6] and slopes to the south and east; its highest point is on the upper western border, at 1,614' (492m) ASL.[7] The county has a total area of 2,414 square miles (6,250 km2), of which 2,022 square miles (5,240 km2) is land and 393 square miles (1,020 km2) (16%) is water.[8]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[6][edit]

  • Buena Vista State Forest (part)
  • Chippewa National Forest (part)
  • Crow Wing State Park (part)
  • Foot Hills State Forest (part)

Climate and weather[edit]

Walker, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
0.7
 
 
18
0
 
 
0.6
 
 
25
5
 
 
1.4
 
 
36
18
 
 
2.2
 
 
52
32
 
 
3.3
 
 
66
44
 
 
4.1
 
 
74
54
 
 
4.1
 
 
79
59
 
 
3.4
 
 
76
57
 
 
3.5
 
 
66
48
 
 
2.8
 
 
52
36
 
 
1.3
 
 
35
21
 
 
0.9
 
 
21
6
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[9]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Walker have ranged from a low of 0 °F (−18 °C) in January to a high of 79 °F (26 °C) in July, although a record low of −44 °F (−42 °C) was recorded in February 1996 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in August 1976. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.62 inches (16 mm) in February to 4.11 inches (104 mm) in July.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860150
1870380153.3%
188048627.9%
18901,247156.6%
19007,777523.7%
191011,62049.4%
192015,89736.8%
193015,591−1.9%
194020,64632.4%
195019,468−5.7%
196016,720−14.1%
197017,3233.6%
198021,05021.5%
199021,7913.5%
200027,15024.6%
201028,5675.2%
Est. 201829,519[10]3.3%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2018[2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 census data

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[15] there were 27,150 people, 10,893 households, and 7,734 families in the county. The population density was 13.4/sqmi (5.18/km²). There were 21,286 housing units at an average density of 10.5/sqmi (4.06/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.52% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 11.45% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.2% were of German, 15.0% Norwegian, 7.3% Swedish, 6.1% Irish and 6.1% American ancestry.

There were 10,893 households out of which 27.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.40% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.90.

The county population contained 25.00% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 23.00% from 25 to 44, 27.90% from 45 to 64, and 18.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 101.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,332, and the median income for a family was $40,156. Males had a median income of $30,097 versus $21,232 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,189. About 9.50% of families and 13.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.20% of those under age 18 and 13.30% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unorganized territories[edit]

Politics[edit]

Cass County voters tend to vote Republican. In 78% (as of 2016) of the national elections since 1980, the county selected the Republican Party candidate.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 62.4% 9,982 30.9% 4,949 6.7% 1,068
2012 55.5% 8,957 42.5% 6,858 2.0% 326
2008 53.1% 8,660 44.6% 7,276 2.3% 371
2004 55.8% 8,875 43.0% 6,835 1.3% 200
2000 52.5% 7,134 40.7% 5,534 6.8% 925
1996 39.8% 4,791 45.2% 5,437 15.0% 1,801
1992 35.1% 4,276 40.2% 4,901 24.8% 3,020
1988 53.0% 5,895 46.1% 5,127 0.9% 97
1984 57.7% 6,619 41.6% 4,773 0.7% 78
1980 53.3% 6,119 41.1% 4,717 5.7% 649
1976 43.4% 4,443 53.0% 5,424 3.6% 367
1972 57.7% 4,906 39.4% 3,347 2.9% 250
1968 48.9% 3,888 44.9% 3,569 6.2% 493
1964 40.1% 3,110 59.8% 4,635 0.1% 9
1960 55.1% 4,399 44.8% 3,578 0.2% 14
1956 59.2% 4,007 40.6% 2,748 0.2% 10
1952 61.5% 4,601 37.6% 2,818 0.9% 67
1948 43.7% 3,179 54.0% 3,933 2.3% 166
1944 47.9% 3,135 51.6% 3,377 0.5% 35
1940 47.9% 4,089 51.5% 4,392 0.6% 52
1936 35.9% 2,634 60.5% 4,440 3.6% 260
1932 38.1% 2,302 57.8% 3,494 4.1% 247
1928 67.0% 3,781 31.0% 1,747 2.0% 114
1924 54.1% 2,800 5.2% 270 40.7% 2,103
1920 70.5% 3,242 15.4% 710 14.1% 646
1916 38.2% 982 49.0% 1,260 12.8% 328
1912 20.6% 431 26.9% 565 52.5% 1,101
1908 59.0% 1,009 27.0% 461 14.0% 239
1904 74.8% 1,178 14.1% 222 11.1% 175
1900 65.2% 1,074 31.4% 518 3.4% 56
1896 55.6% 351 43.0% 271 1.4% 9
1892 39.7% 311 29.8% 233 30.5% 239

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 27, 2014. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Upham, Warren. "Cass County" in Minnesota Place Names: A Geographical Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition. Archived June 20, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Minnesota Historical Society Press (St. Paul, 2001) ISBN 0-87351-396-7.
  5. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 53-56. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  6. ^ a b Cass County MN Google Maps (accessed 6 March 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude/Cass County MN" Google Maps (accessed 6 March 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  9. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Walker MN". The Weather Channel. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 12, 2013. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 17, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°57′N 94°19′W / 46.95°N 94.32°W / 46.95; -94.32